What is the risk of Urinary Tract Infection in pregnancy?

Urinary Tract Infection in pregnancy

A urinary tract infection happens in the body’s urinary system, which includes your: Kidneys, Ureters (tubes that carries urine from your kidneys to your bladder), Bladder, Urethra (a short tube that carries urine from your bladder to outside your body). Bacteria cause most UTIs. Anyone can get one, but they’re most common in women. Most of these infections are limited to the bladder and urethra. But sometimes they can lead to a kidney infection. Urinary tract infection is common in pregnancy; Hormones are one reason. In pregnancy, they cause changes in the urinary tract, and that makes women more likely to get infections. Also, your growing uterus presses on your bladder. That makes it hard for you to let out all the urine in your bladder. Leftover urine can be a source of infection.

Is Urinary Tract Infection dangerous during pregnancy?

These asymptomatic UTIs have the potential to negatively affect the health of unborn child. Scientists have conducted studies that show that these kinds of UTIs lead to an infection of the kidneys. If a kidney infection is not treated and becomes severe, it could lead to issues for mothers and their babies, such as:

  • Mother:
  • Bacteria in the blood
  • Sepsis
  • Respiratory distress
  • Anemia
  • Septic shock
  • Babies:
  • An early birth
  • Low birth weight of baby
  • sloweشd mental development

Symptoms of UTI

  • An urgent need to pee, or peeing more often
  • Trouble with peeing
  • A burning sensation or cramps in your lower back or lower belly
  • A burning feeling when you pee
  • Urine that looks cloudy or has an odor

Diagnosis and treatment of UTI

If you think you might have a UTI, tell your doctor. You’ll take a urine test. Your doctor will test it for bacteria and red and white blood cells. A urine culture may also be checked. It shows what kind of bacteria are in the urine. If UTI were confirmed, your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic that is safe for you and the child you’re carrying. Your symptoms should go away in 3 days. Take all of your medication on schedule anyway. Don’t stop it early, even if your symptoms fade. If an infection progressed and lead to a kidney infection, depending on the severity, a doctor may treat a kidney infection in the hospital.

How to Avoid UTIs?

  • Drink at least eight glasses of water a day.
  • Empty your bladder shortly before and after sex.
  • If you need a lubricant when you have sex, choose a water-based one.
  • Avoid strong feminine deodorants or soaps that cause irritation.
  • Wash your genital area with warm water before sex.
  • Wear cotton underwear.
  • Don’t wear pants that are too tight.
  • Wipe yourself from front to back when you go to the bathroom.

Reference:

https://www.webmd.com/women/guide/pregnancy-urinary-tract-infection

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0201/p713.html

https://flo.health/pregnancy/pregnancy-health/illnesses-and-infections/uti-during-pregnancy

https://www.parents.com/advice/pregnancy-birth/considering-a-baby/are-urinary-tract-infections-harmful-to-my-unborn-baby/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20225781

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/urinary-tract-infections-and-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-in-pregnancy

https://www.verywellfamily.com/urinary-tract-infection-during-pregnancy-4169687

 

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تهران، گیشا (کوی نصر)، خیابان علیایی غربی، پلاک ۵۲، طبقه سوم، واحد جنوبی - یکشنبه تا پنجشنبه ساعت ۱۰ الی ۱۶

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